Ankle Sprain Causes And Treatments
Ankle sprain or sprained ankle is a medical condition where one or more of the ligaments of the ankle is torn or partially torn. When a sprain occurs, blood vessels leak fluid into the tissue that surrounds the joint, thus resulting in swelling.
Causes of ankle sprain.
Ankle sprains are a very common injury. Most ankle sprains happen while making a rapid shifting movement, such as playing soccer or get tackled in football or some exercise .
Ankle sprains may be caused by:
- Sudden twisting of the ankle, such as:
- Stepping on a rough surface or in a hole
- Taking an awkward step when jumping, running, or stepping up or down
- Have an ankle roll over when playing sports or exercising, (which is) defined as inversion of the foot.
Why do you get Pain and Swelling?
Whenever a sprain occurs, blood vessels leak fluid into the tissue that surrounds the joint. White Blood Cells (WBC) responsible for inflammation migrate to the area, and leads to increase in blood flow. Along with this inflammation, swelling is formed from the fluid and pain is experienced.
When the nerves are injured, the area becomes more sensitive, so pain is felt as throbbing and will worsen if pressure is placed on that area. Due to the increased blood flow warmth and redness are also seen. It also affects the ability to move the joint using the affected leg or joint.
What does an Ankle Sprain Feel Like?
Ankle sprain may be painful. However the rate of onset and the severity of the pain may vary greatly. Sometimes, the pain may be delayed – and at in other cases it’s quick.
The degree of pain is not often a measurement of the extent of the damage. Quite a few people hear a ‘pop’ noise in their ankle. This may suggest a torn ligament. The twist is followed by swelling of the region.
Rapid, significant swelling often indicates severe damage has happened. The swelling is caused by bleeding of the damaged cells, and the resulting bruise or even discoloration is a consequence of gravity pulling the blood downwards. Swelling is usually appears at a small distance off from the actual damaged site.
Ankle Sprain and Arthritis.
The ankle joint is affected by arthritis much less often than other joints. When a patient has ankle arthritis, the joint between the shin bone and the ankle bone is worn out.
Ankle arthritis may result from prior injury to the ankle joint. Patients who sustain wound such as an ankle fracture, the cartilage could be damaged and result in accelerated arthritis.
Infections in ankle joints can cause damage to the cartilage cells. As cartilage cells cannot regrow, the deterioration from an infection can be permanent and can lead to many other types of arthritis.
Even if there is pain and swelling in your feet due to injuries, it could result in arthritis. So if left untreated, the pain can grow and become worse, ultimately becoming so unbearable that you could no longer walk even for short distances. Severe arthritis may restrict mobility and hamper the quality of life .
Treatments for Ankle Sprain.
Treatments of ankle sprain is divided into three grades:
- Grade I – It includes Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation popularly known as RICE therapy.
- Grade II – It includes restoring ankle flexibility through range of motion and strength (exercise) by daily routine.
- Grade III – It includes finally returning to straight-ahead activity and doing maintenance exercises that was possible prior to your sprain.
Use Joint Pain Supplements.
Injuries, no matter whether to soft tissues or even to the bones in the ankle, need certain nutrients and vitamins to heal rapidly and completely.
Supplements are effective as they address the cause from the inside, reduce inflammation and pain and even support the growth of healthy cartilage in worn-away joints to give more flexibility and mobility. Joint supplements thus support healing.